Gender Based Violence

With funding assistance from the Australian Aid and in partnership with Plan, DOMCCP is implementing a 5 year programme titled the Gender, Youth and Disability Inclusion program (GYDIP). The GYDI program is being implemented in Chipinge district and is entering into third year in July. 
The program assumes two implementation approaches namely the Rights Based and Strength Based Approaches. With these approaches the program seeks to address 3 End of Program outcomes which are:
  1. People active in addressing inequalities for marginalised people
  2. Appropriate services available to marginalised people
  3. Increased engagement between service providers and civil society
The program has 3 primary target groups namely women, young people (10- 24yrs) and persons with disabilities (PWDs).
The program encompasses two interlocking processes: the place-based and the policy influence processes.
To enable marginalised people – particularly marginalised women and marginalised young people aged 10-24 years to claim rights and access appropriate services, the GYDI program is working in a multi-pronged manner in targeted communities with rights-holders, duty bearers and government and civil society service providers. Emphasis is placed on protection from gender based violence.
To address inequalities affecting marginalised people the program facilitates work at the local level to ensure that both marginalised people and other community members are aware of their rights. Knowledge of rights is a means to reduce discriminatory behaviour and social exclusion, while fostering marginalised people’s capacity to act to protect their rights and access services. Together these changes create an environment in which people are active in addressing inequalities for marginalised people and marginalised people are more able to engage in their community and play an active role in determining their outcomes.
To ensure that appropriate services are available to marginalised people, the program pursues a dual strategy of working with both government and civil society to provide services that meet the needs of marginalised people and groups. This involves a focus on fostering the commitment and ability of duty bearers to deliver socially inclusive services. To achieve this, the program has a strong focus on building the capacity of local duty bearers to provide services with mutual accountability.
The program supports civil society to fill the gaps in government service provision and increase service responsiveness by building the capacity of civil society in service provision. In this context the program has built the capacity of community based volunteers. These volunteers are in 3 categories which are Community Based Counselors, Community Legal Facilitators and Peer Facilitators. The program has also made deliberate attempts to capacitate traditional leaders who preside on most community issues so that they deliver services with mutual accountability.
Complementing this place-based work at community and district level, the program includes related policy engagement and influence work to promote changes in law and policies, or the effective implementation of policies, at national and lower levels, depending on where it has greatest effect. This policy engagement work has the potential to contribute to wider changes to positively affect marginalised people beyond our place based work locations. The policy engagement and influence work is undertaken through collaboration and coalitions with civil society organisations.

There is a strong emphasis across all project activities on strengthening civil society capacity to engage in policy dialogue and hold governments to account for inclusive service delivery, resource allocation and creating an enabling environment to uphold the rights of marginalised people.

 Gender Mainstreaming

Generally there is greater participation of women than men in development projects. Women have portrayed greater information– and health-seeking behaviour than men, and they have also proved to be proactive with regards to taking coping strategies in periods of distress. The low participation of men in HIV and AIDS management activities has been attributed to: 

i. low mobilisation efforts to harness men in health interventions,

ii. traditional social norms that stereotype gender roles, and

iii. commitment by men in non-voluntary works

The traditional patriarchal perspective of our society has created skewed gender relations that have invariably exposed women and girls to HIV infection and sexual violence. 

Gender issues or topics were integrated in the content of other trainings and workshops. This has not only increased the proportion of our community that is informed on gender but changed the mindset of the community in redressing gender imbalances and tackling development problems. 
 
DOMCCP plans to promote the participation of men in community health activities by using strategies that lure men to join support groups of PLHIV or to support their female counterparts in care work.